How a Heat Pump Cools Your Residence

In Champaign, heat pumps can be a popular solution for heating and cooling your home.

They look about the same as an air conditioner. In fact, they work in the same way during high temperatures. Since they have a reversing valve, they can move humidity in the opposite direction as well as add comfort to your house in the winter.

Not sure if you have a heat pump or an air conditioner? Simply track down the model number on the outdoor unit and run it online. If it turns out you have a heat pump, or you’re thinking over installing one, discover how this HVAC equipment keeps homes cozy.

How Heat Pumps Run

Heat pumps use a refrigeration system much like an air conditioner. Most can work akin to a ductless mini-split, as they can heat and cool. Heat pumps depend on an indoor evaporator coil and an outdoor condensing coil. Refrigerant is sent through these coils to transfer heat. The outdoor unit also uses a compressor and is surrounded by metal fins that act as a heat sink to help transfer heat efficiently.

Summertime Cooling

When your heat pump is set to cooling, the refrigerant begins in the evaporator coil. Air from inside the house blows over the coil, and the refrigerant removes heat. Water in the air also condenses on the coil, dripping into the condensate pan below and drains away. The following cool air circulates through the ductwork and back into your house.

During this time, the refrigerant passes through a compressor on its way to the outdoor coil. This compresses the refrigerant, causing it to get hotter. As it flows through the condensing coil, the outside fan and metal fins help to emit heat to the exterior. The refrigerant travels back into your house, moving through an expansion valve that cools it considerably, prepping it to go through the process from the beginning.

When your heat pump is replaced and maintained correctly, you’ll get efficient cooling on par with an energy-efficient air conditioner.

Wintertime Heating

When your heat pump is set to heat, the heat exchange cycle takes place the opposite way. By flowing in the opposite direction, refrigerant extracts heat from the outdoor air and disperses it into your house to warm the inside.

Heat pumps operating in heating mode are most effective when the temperature remains above freezing outside. If it gets too chilly, a backup electric resistance heater kicks on to keep your home comfortable, but your heating expenses increase as a result.

Heat pumps run longer than furnaces as the air doesn’t turn as warm. This helps maintain a more balanced indoor temperature. Also, because heat pumps transfer warmth rather than creating it from a fuel source, they can operate well above 100% efficiency. You can anticipate 30–40% savings on your heating costs by installing a heat pump.

Schedule Heat Pump Installation or Service Right Away

Heat pumps are environmentally friendly and economical. They are an alternative to the regular AC/furnace setup and require the same amount of maintenance—one inspection in the spring and another in the fall.

If you’re interested in installing a heat pump, Chief/Bauer Service Experts is the contractor to contact. We’ll size and install your equipment to match your heating and cooling demands. And then we’ll support our services with a 100% Satisfaction Guarantee* for a year. To find out more, contact us at 217-689-2469 right away.

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